Why is it So Painful Before My Period 2: Understanding the Causes and Remedies

Have you ever experienced the sharp cramps and discomfort before your monthly period, and wondered why it’s so painful? You’re not alone. Many women go through this frustrating experience every month.

It’s common knowledge that menstruation brings some physical and emotional discomfort, but the reasons behind why it’s so painful before your period 2 are not always clear. Some women might even experience such severe pain that it disrupts their daily lives, such as making them take time off work or school.

In this article, we’ll explore the possible reasons behind period pain and what you can do to alleviate it. By the end of this read, you’ll be equipped with knowledge to manage the symptoms effectively, so you can tackle your monthly cycle with ease.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) refers to a set of physical and emotional symptoms that women experience before their menstrual cycle. While some women may experience mild symptoms, others may have severe and incapacitating symptoms that can interfere with their daily activities. PMS symptoms usually start a week or two before the menstrual period and disappear within a few days of the onset of bleeding.

It is estimated that up to 90% of women of reproductive age experience PMS symptoms at some point in their lives. The exact cause of PMS is not known, but it is believed to be associated with hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle.

  • The symptoms of PMS can vary from woman to woman but may include:
  • Cramps and abdominal pain
  • Bloating
  • Headaches
  • Mood swings and irritability
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Food cravings
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Fatigue

While PMS is not a serious health condition, the symptoms can be distressing and may impact a woman’s quality of life. There are several lifestyle changes and treatments that can help alleviate the symptoms of PMS, such as:

  • Regular exercise
  • Healthy diet
  • Stress reduction techniques
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers
  • Prescription medications such as oral contraceptives or antidepressants

If your PMS symptoms are severe and affecting your daily life, it is important to talk to your doctor about possible treatment options. In rare cases, PMS symptoms may indicate an underlying medical condition, so it is important to rule out any other potential causes.

Overall, understanding PMS and its potential impact on your life can help you better manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life. By making simple lifestyle changes and seeking medical treatment when necessary, you can reduce the severity of PMS symptoms and enjoy a more comfortable menstrual cycle.

Hormonal Changes

One of the primary reasons for experiencing pain before your period is due to the hormonal changes that are occurring in your body. Hormones are chemical messengers that are produced by the endocrine glands and are responsible for regulating various bodily functions.

During your menstrual cycle, the levels of estrogen and progesterone fluctuate, which can cause a range of physical and emotional symptoms. Estrogen levels rise in the first half of the menstrual cycle and drop sharply just before your period. Progesterone levels also increase during this time, but then they plummet just before menstruation. These hormonal fluctuations can lead to bloating, cramps, and mood swings.

Common Symptoms of Hormonal Changes

  • Breast tenderness
  • Bloating
  • Cramps
  • Mood swings
  • Headaches

How Hormones Affect the Body

Estrogen and progesterone have a significant impact on the body, affecting everything from the brain to the digestive system. For example:

  • Estrogen helps to regulate the menstrual cycle and affects mood, libido, and bone density.
  • Progesterone prepares the body for pregnancy and can lead to bloating and constipation.

It’s worth noting that everyone’s hormonal fluctuations are different, which means that not everyone experiences the same symptoms or discomfort before their period. However, if you do experience pain or discomfort, it’s likely due to hormonal changes that are occurring in your body.

Hormonal Balance and Pain Relief

Managing hormonal changes can help to reduce the pain and discomfort associated with periods. Some tips include:

Tips for Hormonal Balance Tips for Pain Relief
Eating a healthy diet and taking supplements Using a heating pad or taking pain-relief medication
Exercising regularly and managing stress Getting enough rest and relaxation
Using hormonal birth control Trying alternative therapies such as acupuncture or yoga

In summary, hormonal changes can cause a variety of symptoms and discomfort before your period. By understanding the ways in which hormones affect the body, and by implementing some strategies for managing hormone balance and pain relief, you can minimize the impact of these fluctuations on your day-to-day life.

Menstrual Cramps

Menstrual cramps, also known as dysmenorrhea, are a common problem for many women before their period. These cramps can range from mild discomfort to debilitating pain that interferes with daily activities.

  • Primary dysmenorrhea: This is the most common type of menstrual cramps, which occur due to the release of the hormone prostaglandins during menstruation. Prostaglandins cause the uterus to contract, which leads to cramping. These cramps usually start a day or two before the period begins and last for two to three days.
  • Secondary dysmenorrhea: This type of menstrual cramp is caused by an underlying condition, such as endometriosis, adenomyosis, or uterine fibroids. These cramps may start earlier in the menstrual cycle and last longer than primary dysmenorrhea.
  • Other factors: Women who smoke, have a family history of menstrual cramps, or started menstruating at an early age may experience more severe menstrual cramps.

To alleviate menstrual cramps, over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or naproxen can be effective. In addition, applying heat to the lower abdomen with a heating pad or warm water bottle can also help relieve pain. Engaging in regular exercise, staying hydrated, and reducing stress may also reduce menstrual cramp symptoms.

For severe cases of menstrual cramps, hormonal birth control may be recommended to help regulate hormonal imbalances and reduce prostaglandin release. In cases of secondary dysmenorrhea, treating the underlying condition may be necessary to alleviate menstrual cramp symptoms.

Symptoms of Menstrual Cramps Treatments
Cramping pain in the lower abdomen Over-the-counter pain relievers, heat, exercise, stress reduction, hormonal birth control, treating underlying condition
Back pain Over-the-counter pain relievers, heat, exercise, stress reduction, hormonal birth control, treating underlying condition
Nausea Over-the-counter pain relievers, heat, exercise, stress reduction, hormonal birth control, treating underlying condition
Bloating Over-the-counter pain relievers, heat, exercise, stress reduction, hormonal birth control, treating underlying condition

It is important to discuss menstrual cramps with a health care provider if the pain is severe or interfering with daily activities. In some cases, menstrual cramps could be a sign of a more serious underlying condition that requires medical attention.

Mood swings

One of the most common premenstrual symptoms that most women experience is mood swings. This can be attributed to the hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle, particularly the shift in estrogen and progesterone levels. Mood swings can range from mild irritability and anxiety to severe depression and anger.

  • Feeling irritable or short-tempered.
  • Feeling anxious or stressed out.
  • Feeling sad or depressed.

During the premenstrual phase, many women may experience intense emotions that may seem out of control. This can be extremely distressing, especially when it interferes with one’s day-to-day life. However, it is important to remember that these mood swings are a normal part of the menstrual cycle and that they usually subside once the period begins.

The severity of these mood swings can vary from woman to woman and may be influenced by factors such as stress, lifestyle, and personal circumstances. In some cases, mood swings may be a symptom of a more serious underlying condition such as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) or depression.

Cause Symptoms
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) Severe depression, anxiety, and irritability
Depression Feeling sad, hopeless, and empty
Anxiety disorders Excessive worry, fear, and nervousness

If you feel like your mood swings are interfering with your daily life or if they are significantly impacting your relationships, it may be worth seeking help from a healthcare provider. They can help you identify any underlying conditions and develop a treatment plan to manage your symptoms.


Bloating is a common symptom that many women experience before their periods. It is characterized by feeling full, tight, or swollen in the abdomen area. Although bloating can be uncomfortable and even painful, it is usually a normal part of pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS).

  • Water Retention: One of the main causes of bloating before your period is water retention. Hormonal changes can cause your body to hold onto excess water, which can lead to bloating and swelling.
  • Digestive Issues: Hormonal changes can also affect the digestive system, leading to constipation or diarrhea, which can both contribute to bloating.
  • Diet: Your diet can also be a factor in pre-menstrual bloating. Eating too much salt or sugar, or drinking alcohol or caffeine, can all contribute to water retention and bloating.

To help reduce bloating before your period, it’s important to focus on maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle. This can include eating a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables, reducing your intake of salt, sugar, and caffeine, and staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water.

There are also some natural remedies that can help reduce bloating. These include:

Remedy How it works
Ginger Ginger has natural anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce bloating and swelling.
Peppermint Peppermint can help relax the digestive muscles, which can relieve bloating and other digestive issues.
Fennel Fennel has natural diuretic properties that can help reduce water retention and bloating.

If your bloating is severe or accompanied by other symptoms such as abdominal pain or fever, it’s important to speak with your doctor to rule out any underlying conditions.


One of the common symptoms experienced by women before their menstrual cycle is fatigue. This feeling of extreme tiredness can affect your daily routine and quality of life. It is essential to understand why fatigue occurs to tackle it effectively.

Here are some reasons why fatigue occurs before your period:

  • Hormonal Changes: Hormonal changes in the body during the menstrual cycle can lead to fatigue. The hormone progesterone increases after ovulation, which makes you feel tired and gives a sensation of wanting to rest. Furthermore, estrogen levels and serotonin levels drop, which may also cause you to feel sluggish, moody and irritable.
  • Iron Deficiency Anemia: Iron deficiency is a common cause of anemia and can result in tiredness, dizziness, headaches, and weakness. During menstruation, you lose iron through blood, which may cause a decrease in iron levels in the body. It’s essential to ensure you have enough iron in your diet by including foods like red meat, spinach, or taking iron supplements if necessary. Always consult with a licensed health professional before taking any supplements.
  • Stress: Stress is a physical and mental response to pressure placed on your body and mind. It can cause fatigue and headaches as well as making the menstrual cycle more painful. Practice self-care, meditation, and seeking professional help can help to decrease stress levels.

To combat fatigue during your menstrual cycle try the following:

  • Getting plenty of rest and sleep. Aim for at least 7-9 hours of sleep every night.
  • Keep hydrated by drinking enough water, juices, or herbal teas.
  • Incorporate low-impact exercise like yoga or pilates into your daily routine.
  • Eat a balanced diet rich in nutrients, fruits, vegetables and iron. Avoid processed food, high in sugar, and caffeine.

In summary, fatigue during the menstrual cycle is common. It is due to hormonal changes, iron deficiency anemia and stress. If you develop severe fatigue that interferes with your daily life, consult with a licensed healthcare professional to rule out any underlying health conditions.

Food Cravings

One of the common symptoms experienced by women before their period is food cravings. These cravings are often for sweet, salty, or fatty foods. While the exact reason for these cravings is not fully understood, it is believed to be due to hormonal changes in the body.

During the menstrual cycle, there are fluctuations in the levels of estrogen and progesterone hormones. These hormonal changes can trigger changes in the levels of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin in the brain. These neurotransmitters play a vital role in regulating mood, appetite, and cravings.

  • Sugar cravings: During the premenstrual phase, many women experience an intense desire for sugary foods. This is because sugar can provide a quick boost of energy and can also trigger the release of serotonin, which can help improve mood.
  • Salt cravings: Some women may experience salt cravings before their period. This could be due to the hormonal changes affecting the body’s fluid balance and blood pressure. Salt can also stimulate the release of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that produces a feeling of pleasure and satisfaction.
  • Fatty food cravings: Another common craving before the period is for fatty foods. Some women may crave foods such as pizza, fries, or burgers. This could be due to the hormonal changes affecting the body’s metabolism and digestion. Fatty foods can provide the body with a quick source of energy.

It is important to note that these cravings should not be ignored as they can lead to overeating and weight gain. It is recommended to try to satisfy cravings in a healthy way, such as snacking on fruit instead of sugary treats or opting for a small serving of nuts instead of a large bag of chips.

Furthermore, there are several lifestyle changes that may help reduce food cravings. These include getting enough sleep, staying active, and practicing stress reduction techniques such as meditation or yoga.

Food Group Examples
Complex Carbohydrates Whole grain bread, brown rice, quinoa, sweet potato
Protein Beans, peas, lentils, lean meats, fish
Healthy Fats Avocado, nuts, seeds, olive oil
Fruits and Vegetables Leafy greens, berries, citrus fruits, broccoli, carrots

Eating a balanced diet rich in complex carbohydrates, protein, healthy fats, fruits, and vegetables can help balance blood sugar levels and reduce cravings.

FAQs: Why is it so painful before my period 2?

1. Why do I experience cramps before my period?

Cramps occur due to the uterus contracting as it sheds its lining. These contractions cut off the blood supply and oxygen to the surrounding tissues, which can cause pain.

2. Can stress make premenstrual pain worse?

Yes, stress can increase the amount of pain you experience before your period. When you’re stressed, your body produces cortisol, which can exacerbate inflammation and pain.

3. How can I ease the pain before my period?

There are several ways to ease pain, including over-the-counter pain relievers, heating pads, and soaking in a warm bath. Gentle exercise like yoga can also help.

4. Is it normal to have severe pain before my period?

Some degree of pain is normal before your period, but severe pain may indicate an underlying condition like endometriosis or fibroids. If your pain is severe or persistent, it’s important to speak with your healthcare provider.

5. Can birth control help with premenstrual pain?

Yes, birth control can help ease pain by regulating your hormones and reducing the amount of endometrial tissue that builds up before your period.

6. Are there any dietary changes I can make to reduce pain?

Eating a balanced diet that’s rich in fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and whole grains can help reduce inflammation and ease premenstrual pain.

7. When should I seek medical attention for premenstrual pain?

If your pain is severe, lasts longer than usual, or is accompanied by other symptoms like heavy bleeding or fever, it’s important to seek medical attention.

Closing Thoughts

Thanks for taking the time to learn about premenstrual pain and how to manage it. Remember to speak with your healthcare provider if your pain is severe or persistent. And if you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to visit us again later.