Who is Nodal Agency for Disinvestment: Everything You Need to Know

When it comes to the disinvestment process in India, many people are curious about who is responsible for overseeing it all. After all, there are plenty of moving parts to consider and countless decisions that need to be made in order to navigate disinvestment successfully. So, who is the nodal agency for disinvestment in India? Well, the answer is quite simple – it’s the Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM).

As the crown jewel of India’s disinvestment process, DIPAM plays an instrumental role in shaping and managing the overall strategy. Founded in 2016, DIPAM is a sub-department of the Ministry of Finance and works closely with other government agencies to sell public assets and investments. But their responsibilities don’t stop there. DIPAM also leads the charge when it comes to managing the government’s equity holdings in various public sector companies.

Despite the crucial role DIPAM plays, many people are still unaware of its responsibilities. With disinvestment playing such an important part in India’s economic outlook, it’s important to have a clear understanding of the various agencies and their roles. By shedding light on DIPAM’s responsibilities and highlighting its impact, individuals can gain a deeper insight into the disinvestment process as a whole.

Disinvestment in India: An Overview

Disinvestment refers to the sale of an asset or a subsidiary by the government or a public sector entity. It is a process that is used to extract value from an organization, usually to reduce debt or to fund new initiatives. In India, disinvestment is done to achieve a number of objectives, such as reducing the fiscal deficit, raising resources for infrastructure and social sector projects, improving corporate governance, promoting competition, and unlocking the value of public sector undertakings.

  • History of Disinvestment in India
  • The nodal agency for Disinvestment in India
  • Objectives of Disinvestment in India

The Nodal Agency for Disinvestment in India

The nodal agency responsible for disinvestment in India is the Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM). DIPAM is responsible for setting the policy framework for disinvestment and for managing the disinvestment process. It was created in 2016 by the merger of the Department of Disinvestment and the Ministry of Finance’s Department of Investment and Public Asset Management.

DIPAM is responsible for identifying the public sector undertakings (PSUs) that could be considered for disinvestment, formulating disinvestment policies, and advising the government on the modalities of disinvestment. It also manages the process of disinvestment through the appointment of advisors, the selection of bidders, and the finalization of the sale. DIPAM operates in close coordination with other government departments, such as the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

The creation of DIPAM has streamlined the disinvestment process in India and has given greater clarity to the policy framework for disinvestment. It has also led to an increase in the number of disinvestments and improved the efficiency of the disinvestment process.

Nodal Agency for Disinvestment: Role and Responsibilities

Disinvestment is the process of selling off a portion or the entirety of the government’s stake in public sector units, such as companies, banks, and other entities. The Government of India has a nodal agency to carry out the disinvestment process, which is the Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM).

  • The nodal agency for disinvestment plays a crucial role in the disinvestment process, which involves the sale of shares through Initial Public Offerings (IPOs), Offers for Sale (OFS), and strategic sales.
  • DIPAM is responsible for developing policies and guidelines for disinvestment, identifying suitable entities for disinvestment, and coordinating with legislative bodies and other stakeholders for the smooth execution of the disinvestment process.
  • The nodal agency also plays a critical role in the valuation of shares and assessment of the market conditions to determine the right time to conduct the disinvestment process.

Besides, the nodal agency also performs various other responsibilities, including:

  • Appointment of transaction advisors, legal advisors, and merchant bankers for the transaction.
  • Assessment of the due diligence report and the financial and legal documents of the entity in question.
  • Undertaking public relations and investor awareness campaigns to promote the disinvestment process.

Disinvestment Mechanisms

DIPAM cooperates with other government departments in conducting the disinvestment process through various mechanisms. The most common mechanisms are:

  • IPO – Government can dilute its stake in the form of an IPO to the general public and institutional investors.
  • OFS – A mechanism to sell existing shares through the stock exchanges to the retail and institutional investors by the government.
  • Strategic Sale – This involves selling a controlling stake in a company by the government to a strategic investor.

Disinvestment by DIPAM: An Overview

Since its establishment, DIPAM has been successful in carrying out several disinvestment projects and has played a vital role in transforming public-sector undertakings into profitable entities. The agency has implemented disinvestment in numerous companies and raised significant funds for the government.

Year Amount Raised (in crores)
2017-18 1,00,056
2018-19 85,047
2019-20 50,300

With the upcoming disinvestment plans, DIPAM is set to continue its function as the nodal agency for disinvestment, encouraging private participation in the public sector and raising funds for developmental purposes.

Historical Background of Disinvestment Policy in India

Disinvestment, or the selling of government-owned or controlled assets, has been a contentious and often politically charged topic in India. The policy was first introduced in the country in 1991, as part of a broader set of economic reforms aimed at liberalizing the Indian economy and reducing the role of the government in economic affairs.

The early years of disinvestment saw a slow, cautious approach, with only a handful of small and non-strategic public sector enterprises being sold off. However, this changed in the early 2000s, when the government began to pursue a more aggressive disinvestment policy, aimed at raising funds to bridge the fiscal deficit and help fund social welfare schemes.

The Nodal Agency for Disinvestment

  • The Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM) is the nodal agency responsible for coordinating and executing the government’s disinvestment policy. It was established in 2016, replacing the erstwhile Department of Disinvestment.
  • The DIPAM is responsible for identifying and selecting enterprises to be disinvested, formulating the disinvestment strategy for each enterprise, and executing the sale process through various channels, including the stock markets and strategic sales to private investors.
  • The DIPAM also works closely with other government departments, including the Ministry of Finance and the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), to ensure that the disinvestment process is transparent and in compliance with all regulatory requirements.

The Successes and Challenges of Disinvestment

Over the years, the Indian government has managed to successfully disinvest from a number of public sector enterprises, raising significant amounts of money in the process. Some of the most notable disinvestments include the sale of shares in Hindustan Zinc and Bharat Petroleum, which raised over $3 billion for the government.

However, the disinvestment process has also faced a number of challenges, including political opposition, stakeholder resistance, and a lack of investor interest. This has led to several high-profile disinvestments being delayed or cancelled altogether.

The Future of Disinvestment in India

Despite these challenges, the Indian government has maintained its commitment to the disinvestment policy, with ambitious targets being set for the coming years. For example, the government has set a target of raising $23 billion from disinvestment in the 2021-22 financial year, through a mix of stake sales and strategic disinvestments.

Year Disinvestment proceeds (in INR crores)
2014-15 24,349
2015-16 23,997
2016-17 46,246
2017-18 1,00,056

With the DIPAM playing a key role in this process, and ongoing efforts to streamline the disinvestment process and address regulatory challenges, the future of disinvestment in India looks promising.

Current Status of Disinvestment in India

Disinvestment is an essential process of the Indian economy, which helps the government to raise capital by selling off its stake in public sector companies. The government has been actively involved in the disinvestment process since 1991, and the Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM) is the nodal agency responsible for disinvestments in all the Public Sector Undertakings (PSU).

  • The disinvestment process in India started in 1991 with the sale of minority stakes in PSUs
  • The highest-ever disinvestment proceeds were achieved in 2018-19, with Rs 84,972 crore raised through various modes of disinvestment
  • The government has set a disinvestment target of Rs 1.75 lakh crore for the financial year 2021-22

The government of India has adopted various methods of disinvestment. The most common modes of disinvestment are Initial Public Offer (IPO), Follow-on Public Offer (FPO), Offer for Sale (OFS), and Exchange-Traded Funds (ETF).

Over the years, the government has been successfully using the disinvestment process to raise resources for productive purposes such as infrastructure development, social sector schemes, and other welfare programs. Moreover, disinvestment has helped to improve the efficiency of PSUs by increasing their accountability, transparency, and competitiveness.

The table below shows the disinvestment proceeds raised through various modes of disinvestment:

Year Mode of Disinvestment Proceeds (in crores)
2020-21 IPO 2,663
2020-21 FPO 2,930
2020-21 OFS 25,145
2020-21 ETF 31,603

The disinvestment process is expected to continue in the coming years, and it remains an essential tool for the government to mobilize resources and improve the efficiency of the public sector. The government is expected to adopt innovative methods of disinvestment and attract more investors to realize its disinvestment targets for the years to come.

The Pros and Cons of Disinvestment as a Policy Tool

Disinvestment is a policy tool that governments use to sell off their ownership stakes in public sector units, in order to raise funds, reduce their fiscal deficit, and improve the management of these companies. Here are some of the key pros and cons of disinvestment:

  • The Pros of Disinvestment:
  • 1. Raising funds: Disinvestment can help the government raise much-needed funds for social welfare programs, infrastructure development, and other priority areas.
  • 2. Encouraging efficiency: When government-owned companies are privatized, they often become more efficient and competitive, which benefits consumers and the economy as a whole.
  • 3. Reducing fiscal deficit: Disinvestment can help the government reduce its fiscal deficit and debt burden, which can have positive implications for the economy and investor confidence.
  • 4. Unlocking value: Many of the public sector companies have valuable assets or businesses that are not being fully utilized. Disinvestment can allow these assets to be unlocked and utilized by private sector companies, unlocking value for investors and taxpayers.
  • The Cons of Disinvestment:
  • 1. Job losses: Disinvestment can lead to job losses among the employees of public sector companies, which can have negative social and economic implications, particularly in regions with limited employment opportunities.
  • 2. Loss of control: Disinvestment can lead to the loss of government control over important sectors of the economy, which can limit the government’s ability to pursue strategic objectives or address social issues.
  • 3. Reducing public services: Disinvestment can lead to a reduction in public services provided by public sector companies, particularly in sectors where private companies may not have the same incentives to provide services to all segments of society.
  • 4. Lowering accountability: Disinvestment can lower the accountability of public sector companies to the public and increase the potential for abuse or corruption by private companies.


Disinvestment can be a useful policy tool for governments to raise funds, encourage efficiency, and unlock value, but it also has its drawbacks, including job losses, loss of government control, reduced public services, and lower accountability. As with any policy tool, it is important for governments to carefully consider the costs and benefits before deciding to use disinvestment.

Pros Cons
Raising funds Job losses
Encouraging efficiency Loss of control
Reducing fiscal deficit Reducing public services
Unlocking value Lowering accountability

It is important to keep in mind that the pros and cons of disinvestment can vary depending on the specific situation. Governments must take into account the potential social and economic impact of disinvestment and weigh the benefits against the costs before making any decisions.

Challenges in Disinvestment in India: The Way Forward

Disinvestment in India is a crucial tool for the government to raise funds and revive loss-making public sector units. However, it has been facing multiple challenges in achieving this objective. In this article, we will discuss the challenges in disinvestment in India and the way forward.

  • Political Opposition: There is always significant opposition from political parties and worker unions who are against privatization of public sector units. This leads to delay in the disinvestment process.
  • Regulatory Hurdles: Regulatory hurdles like obtaining clearance certificates from authorities like RBI, SEBI, or CCI add to the disinvestment process’s complexity and time frame.
  • Poor Financial Health: Many public sector units recorded a loss for multiple years, which makes it difficult for potential investors to consider them for investment.

To overcome these challenges, the government has to work towards strengthening the disinvestment process and taking corrective measures to make it more efficient and transparent. Some measures that could be undertaken are:

  • Periodic Performance Review: The financial health of all Public sector units should be reviewed periodically, and necessary measures should be taken to rectify the situation.
  • Remove Regulatory Hurdles: The government should work towards removing regulatory obstacles to ensure a smooth disinvestment process.
  • Encourage Strategic Partnerships: Collaborating with strategic partners results in better understanding of the sector, quick decision-making, and efficient management of public sector units.

Revival and modernization of public sector units play a significant role in India’s sustained economic growth. It is crucial to address the challenges in disinvestment to ensure successful disinvestment in Indian public sector units.

Challenges Way Forward
Political Opposition Collaborating with strategic partners
Regulatory Hurdles Remove regulatory obstacles
Poor Financial Health Periodic performance review

By implementing these suggestions, the government can succeed in disinvesting public sector units, which will help drive India’s economic growth forward.

Future of Disinvestment in India: Opportunities and Scope.

Disinvestment is the process of selling off the public sector units to private entities through a transparent bidding process. The government of India has set up a nodal agency to handle disinvestment at the highest level of decision-making. Earlier, the Department of Disinvestment (DoD) was the nodal agency for disinvestment. However, on 4th March 2018, the government renamed DoD as DIPAM (Department of Investment and Public Asset Management) to reflect its expanded role.

  • Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM): DIPAM is the nodal agency for the government’s disinvestment program. Its role is to streamline the disinvestment process, formulate policies, and provide administrative support to the government for disinvestment. DIPAM manages the disinvestment process by handling the work of transaction advisors, legal advisors, and valuers.

The disinvestment process has created opportunities for many sectors in the Indian economy. The potential areas for investment are:

  • Banking and financial services
  • Manufacturing
  • Tourism

The Indian government has set a target of disinvestment of ₹1.75 lakhs crores for the year 2021-22. Disinvestment of public sector units (PSUs) through strategic sale, initial public offering (IPO), and exchange-traded fund (ETF) route will be undertaken. The government’s stake in some of the PSUs can be brought down up to 100%.

The disinvestment process has been successful in the past, and the Indian government uses this route to raise funds for various purposes. The table given below lists some of the successful disinvestment undertaken by the Indian government.

Year Name of PSU Raised amount (₹crores)
2015 Coal India Ltd (CIL) 22,596
2004 Maruti Udyog Ltd 9,500
2006 National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) 8,168
2017 Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) 36,000

The government is also exploring the divestment of non-core assets of PSUs. The assets that can be divested are land parcels, commercial real estate, idle plants, and office spaces. This will not only raise funds for the government but will also help in the efficient utilization of assets.

In conclusion, disinvestment is an important policy tool used by the government to raise funds and improve the efficiency of public sector units. DIPAM is the nodal agency responsible for managing the disinvestment process. Disinvestment offers opportunities for investment in various sectors, and the government is targeting a disinvestment of ₹1.75 lakh crores for the year 2021-22 through different routes.

Who is Nodal Agency for Disinvestment FAQ

1. What is a nodal agency for disinvestment?
A nodal agency is an intermediary responsible for managing and overseeing the disinvestment process on behalf of the government.

2. What is the purpose of a nodal agency for disinvestment?
The main purpose of a nodal agency is to ensure that the disinvestment process is carried out smoothly and transparently, while maximizing the government’s financial returns.

3. Who appoints the nodal agency for disinvestment?
The nodal agency is appointed by the Ministry of Finance, and typically operates under the guidance and supervision of the Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM).

4. What are the responsibilities of the nodal agency for disinvestment?
The responsibilities of the nodal agency include identifying potential assets for disinvestment, conducting valuation and due diligence, managing the auction process, and overseeing the transfer of ownership from the government to the buyer.

5. Is the nodal agency the same as the disinvestment commission or board?
No, the nodal agency is a different entity from the disinvestment commission or board. While the latter is responsible for formulating policy and strategy related to disinvestment, the former is responsible for implementing and managing the disinvestment process.

6. Do all disinvestments require a nodal agency?
Yes, all disinvestments conducted by the government must be overseen by a nodal agency, as mandated by the Department of Investment and Public Asset Management.

7. Can private companies also act as nodal agencies for disinvestment?
No, nodal agencies for disinvestment are typically government bodies or agencies with the necessary expertise and authority to manage the process.

8. Are there any legal provisions governing the role of nodal agencies for disinvestment?
Yes, the role and responsibilities of nodal agencies are governed by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) regulations, as well as various other laws and guidelines issued by the government.

Closing: Thanks for Reading!

We hope this article has been helpful in providing you with a better understanding of who is nodal agency for disinvestment. Remember, the nodal agency plays a crucial role in the disinvestment process by ensuring transparency and maximizing the government’s financial returns. If you have any further questions or feedback, please feel free to leave a comment below. Thanks for reading, and don’t forget to visit our website again for more informative articles!