Which is the Best Medicine for Acidity? Ultimate Guide

Today, we’re going to talk about acid reflux and its unpleasant symptoms. Whether it’s a burning sensation in the chest or a sour taste in the mouth, acidity can give us a hard time. The good news is that there are several over-the-counter medicines that can help us alleviate these symptoms. However, with so many options available, it can be challenging to decide which one to choose. So, which is the best medicine for acidity?

To answer this question, we need to dive a little deeper into what causes our acid reflux. Certain foods, stress, and lifestyle habits can all contribute to this uncomfortable condition. Medicines that work by reducing the production of stomach acid are usually the go-to choice for managing acidity. That said, not all antacids are created equal, and choosing the right one can make all the difference.

So, if you’re struggling with acidity and need some relief, fret not. In this article, we’ll go over the different types of medicines available and which one might be the best fit for you. We’ll also discuss some lifestyle changes you can make to minimize your symptoms. With this information, you’ll be well on your way to managing your acid reflux and feeling better in no time.

Common Causes of Acidity

Acidity, also known as acid reflux or heartburn, is a common condition that occurs when the acid from the stomach flows back up into the esophagus, causing a burning sensation in the chest and throat. Some common causes of acidity include:

  • Consuming spicy and fatty foods: Spicy and fatty foods can increase the production of acid in the stomach, leading to acidity.
  • Smoking: Smoking can weaken the lower esophageal sphincter, which is responsible for preventing acid reflux from occurring.
  • Drinking alcohol: Drinking alcohol can also weaken the lower esophageal sphincter and increase the production of acid in the stomach.
  • Being overweight: Excess weight can put pressure on the stomach, causing acid to flow back up into the esophagus.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnancy can cause hormonal changes that can lead to acidity.

If you frequently suffer from acidity, it’s important to identify the underlying cause so that you can take steps to manage the condition. Making dietary and lifestyle changes, such as avoiding spicy and fatty foods and quitting smoking, can be helpful in managing acid reflux. Additionally, there are various medications available that can help reduce the amount of acid produced in the stomach, such as antacids, proton pump inhibitors, and H2 blockers.

Symptoms of acidity

Acidity is a common digestive problem that affects many people at some points in their lives. The condition is characterized by a burning sensation in the chest or upper abdomen, which is often referred to as heartburn. Some of the common symptoms of acidity include:

  • Heartburn or burning sensation in the chest or stomach
  • Regurgitation or acid reflux
  • Bitter taste or sour taste in the mouth
  • Belching
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Feeling of fullness in the stomach

Causes of acidity

Acidity is caused by the excessive production of acid in the stomach. This can be as a result of several factors, including:

  • Eating spicy or acidic foods
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Caffeine consumption
  • Smoking cigarettes or tobacco
  • Stress or anxiety
  • Obesity
  • Sleeping immediately after a meal

Treatment for acidity

Treatment for acidity often involves lifestyle modifications, such as avoiding trigger foods, quitting smoking, reducing alcohol and caffeine intake, losing weight, and avoiding eating late at night. Over-the-counter antacids can provide quick relief from the symptoms of acidity. These medications work by neutralizing the acid in the stomach.

If symptoms persist, prescription medications may be recommended by a healthcare professional. These medications can help reduce acid production in the stomach or strengthen the function of the lower esophageal sphincter, which helps prevent acid reflux. In severe cases, surgery may be recommended as a last resort.

Prevention of acidity

Preventing acidity involves making simple yet effective lifestyle changes. Some tips that can help prevent acidity include:

Tips to prevent acidity Explanation
Avoid trigger foods Avoid acidic, spicy, and fatty foods that can trigger acid production in the stomach.
Eat smaller meals Eating several small meals throughout the day instead of three large meals can help reduce the pressure on the stomach.
Drink water Drinking water before and after meals can help dilute stomach acid, making it less likely to cause heartburn.
Don’t lie down after meals Wait at least two hours after eating before lying down to give the stomach time to digest the food.
Manage stress Stress can increase stomach acid production. Engaging in stress-reducing activities such as yoga or meditation can help prevent acidity.

Lifestyle changes to manage acidity

If you are someone who frequently suffers from acidity, there are some simple lifestyle changes that you can make to manage the condition effectively. Here are some lifestyle changes that can help you reduce acidity:

  • Eating habits: Eating a well-balanced diet can help reduce acid reflux. Avoid spicy and fried foods, caffeine, alcohol, and acidic food items like tomatoes and citrus fruits. Eat smaller, more frequent meals, and chew your food slowly.
  • Physical exercise: Regular physical exercise can improve digestion and reduce acid reflux symptoms. However, avoid intense physical activity immediately after meals as it can lead to acid reflux.
  • Stress management: Stress can worsen acidity symptoms. Practicing relaxation techniques like meditation, yoga, or deep breathing can help manage stress levels.

Importance of sleep to manage acidity

Sleep is also an important factor in managing acidity. Getting enough sleep is crucial in reducing the production of stomach acid and preventing acid reflux. Sleep deprivation can cause an increase in acid production, leading to acidity symptoms. Aim to get 7-8 hours of sleep per night.

Foods that can help manage acidity

Certain foods can help reduce the symptoms of acidity. Here are some food items that can help manage acidity:

Foods Benefits
Bananas Contain natural antacids that help in reducing acidity symptoms
Oatmeal High in fiber that helps in digestion and reduces acid reflux
Ginger Has anti-inflammatory properties that help in reducing acidity symptoms and improving digestion
Green leafy vegetables Low in acid and high in fiber, these vegetables help in reducing acidity symptoms

Remember, lifestyle changes can take time to show results, and it is important to stick to them in the long run to manage acidity effectively.

Foods to Avoid for Those with Acidity

If you suffer from acidity, it’s important to pay close attention to what you eat, as certain foods can trigger acid reflux and make symptoms worse. Here are some foods to avoid:

  • Spicy foods: Peppers and other spicy foods are a common trigger for acidity, as they can irritate the stomach lining and cause heartburn.
  • Citrus fruits: While citrus fruits are packed with vitamin C and other beneficial nutrients, they can be problematic for those with acidity because they are highly acidic themselves.
  • Tomatoes: Like citrus fruits, tomatoes are high in acid and can exacerbate acidity symptoms.

In addition to the above, it’s generally a good idea to avoid processed foods, fried foods, and foods high in fat, as these can all contribute to acidity symptoms. To help keep your symptoms under control, try sticking to a diet that is rich in whole foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.

If you’re struggling to manage your acidity symptoms through diet alone, talk to your doctor about other treatment options, including medications that can help to reduce the amount of acid produced by your stomach.


By avoiding certain foods and making healthy choices, you can help to reduce your acidity symptoms and improve your overall health and wellbeing. Remember to always consult with your doctor before making any changes to your diet or medication regimen.

Food Group Foods to Avoid Foods to Include
Spices and Condiments Pepper, chilli powder, tomato sauce, mustard Fresh herbs like basil and parsley, ginger
Fruits Citrus fruits (oranges, lemons), tomatoes Bananas, apples, pears, watermelon, papaya, melons
Dairy Fatty or fried foods made with whole milk or butter, cheese Soy milk, almond milk, cottage cheese, yogurt
Grains White bread, rice, pasta Brown rice, whole grain bread and pasta
Protein Fried or fatty meat, poultry, fish and seafood Lean proteins like chicken breast, fish, beans, lentils

Remember, everyone is different, and what triggers one person’s acidity symptoms may not affect another person at all. Use this list as a starting point, and pay attention to how your body reacts to different foods to determine what works best for you.

Natural remedies for acidity

Dealing with acidity can be quite uncomfortable. Fortunately, there are many natural remedies that may help relieve symptoms without the use of medication.

Here are five natural remedies for acidity:

  • Ginger: Known for its anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, ginger can help alleviate heartburn and other digestive symptoms caused by acidity.
  • Bananas: With its low pH and ability to neutralize stomach acid, bananas can help reduce symptoms of acidity. They are also rich in fiber, which aids digestion.
  • Chamomile tea: Chamomile is known for its calming properties and can help ease digestion, making it an effective natural remedy for acidity.
  • Apple cider vinegar: Despite its acidic taste, apple cider vinegar has an alkalizing effect on the body and can help neutralize stomach acid. Mix 1-2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar with a glass of water and drink it before meals for best results.
  • Aloe vera juice: Aloe vera is known for its soothing properties and can help reduce inflammation in the stomach, making it an effective natural remedy for acidity.

While these natural remedies may help relieve symptoms of acidity, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional if you experience chronic or severe acid reflux symptoms.

Types of medication for acidity

There are various types of medication available for treating acidity, which are broadly categorized into two classes: antacids and acid reducers. Antacids work by neutralizing the stomach acid, whereas acid reducers decrease the production of stomach acid. Let’s take a closer look at each type of medication:

  • Antacids – These are the most common over-the-counter medications for acidity and are usually the first treatment used for mild symptoms. Antacids work quickly by neutralizing the acid in the stomach and relieving the symptoms of heartburn, indigestion, and acid reflux. They usually contain ingredients like magnesium, calcium, or aluminum salts, and sodium bicarbonate.
  • Acid reducers – Also known as H2 blockers, these types of medication reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach. They are usually prescribed for more severe cases of acidity that are not relieved by antacids. Examples of acid reducers include ranitidine, famotidine, and cimetidine.
  • Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) – These medications are the strongest acid reducers and work by blocking the acid-producing pumps in the stomach. They are usually prescribed for severe cases of acidity, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Examples of PPIs include omeprazole, esomeprazole, and lansoprazole.
  • Prokinetics – These types of medications are used for acid reflux disease and promote quicker clearance of stomach contents into the intestine. They are prescribed to improve the function of the LES. This category includes medications like metoclopramide.
  • Antibiotics – Sometimes, bacteria called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) can cause ulcers and other digestive problems. In such cases, antibiotics like amoxicillin, clarithromycin or metronidazole are prescribed to kill the bacteria and reduce inflammation.
  • Alginate-based medicines – These medicines work by forming a protective layer over the stomach contents, preventing the reflux from the stomach. These medicines usually have sodium or potassium salts of alginates.

It is important to note that medications cannot cure acidity on their own, but only manage the symptoms. It is also important to follow a healthy diet and lifestyle to prevent acidity from occurring in the first place. Speak with your doctor or pharmacist to determine which type of medication is best for your symptoms and overall health.

Side Effects of Acidity Medication

While acidity medication can provide much-needed relief for those experiencing heartburn and acid reflux, they are not without their side effects. Here are some of the common side effects to be aware of:

  • Headaches: Many acidity medications affect the production of stomach acid by blocking the enzymes that create it. This can lead to headaches in some individuals.
  • Nausea: Some people may experience nausea as a side effect of taking acidity medication, especially if they take it on an empty stomach.
  • Dizziness: Acidity medication can cause dizziness or lightheadedness in some individuals, particularly if they have low blood pressure or are dehydrated.

More serious side effects can occur with some types of acidity medication. For example, long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) can increase the risk of kidney disease, pneumonia, and fractures. PPIs have also been linked to increased risk of infections such as Clostridium difficile and community-acquired pneumonia.

If you are taking acidity medication and experience any of the following symptoms, seek medical attention immediately:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Blood in vomit or stool
  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • Irregular heartbeat
Medication Type Common Side Effects Long-Term Risks
Antacids Diarrhea, constipation, nausea None reported
H2 Blockers Headaches, dizziness, diarrhea None reported
Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs) Nausea, diarrhea, headache Kidney disease, fractures, infections

It is important to talk to your doctor about any medications you are taking and to always follow the instructions on the label. If you experience any side effects, let your doctor know immediately so they can adjust your medication or prescribe an alternative treatment.

FAQs: Which is the Best Medicine for Acidity?

1. What causes acidity?
Acidity occurs when the acid in your stomach flows back up into your esophagus. This can be caused by various factors, such as spicy, fried or fatty foods, alcohol, smoking, stress, or certain medications.

2. What are the common symptoms of acidity?
The common symptoms of acidity include heartburn, a burning sensation in the chest or stomach, difficulty swallowing, nausea, bloating, and belching.

3. Is there a cure for acidity?
There is no permanent cure for acidity, but it can be managed with medication, lifestyle changes, and dietary modifications.

4. What are the over-the-counter medicines for acidity?
There are several over-the-counter medicines available for acidity, such as antacids, H2 blockers, and proton pump inhibitors.

5. How do antacids work?
Antacids neutralize the acid in your stomach and provide relief from heartburn, indigestion, and sour stomach.

6. What are the side effects of H2 blockers?
H2 blockers can cause headache, dizziness, diarrhea, constipation, and dry mouth.

7. Which is the best medicine for acidity?
The best medicine for acidity depends on your symptoms, medical history, and other factors. It is recommended to consult a healthcare professional before taking any medication.

Which is the Best Medicine for Acidity?

Managing acidity can be challenging, but with the right medication and lifestyle changes, it can be controlled effectively. There are several over-the-counter medicines available for acidity, such as antacids, H2 blockers, and proton pump inhibitors. The best medicine for acidity depends on your symptoms, medical history, and other factors. It is recommended to consult a healthcare professional before taking any medication. Thank you for reading, and don’t hesitate to visit us again later for more tips and advice on health and wellness.