What Is the Difference Between a Sub and a Hoagie? Exploring the Regional Sandwich Variations

Are you one of those people who have always wondered what the difference between a sub and a hoagie is? It’s time to put an end to this mystery once and for all. After all, these two sandwiches may look similar, but they’re not exactly interchangeable terms.

First off, let’s take a closer look at the classic submarine sandwich, aka a sub. This type of sandwich originated in New England and features a long roll that’s usually filled with cold cuts, cheese, and veggies. It’s typically served cold or at room temperature and often comes with condiments such as mayo, oil, and vinegar.

On the other hand, a hoagie is basically the Philadelphia version of a sub. This sandwich also features a long roll that’s filled with cold cuts, cheese, and veggies. However, the bread used for a hoagie tends to be a bit softer and has a slightly different texture than the bread used for a sub. Additionally, hoagies often feature a more robust variety of toppings. So, while a sub and a hoagie may share some similarities, they’re certainly not identical sandwiches.

Origins of the sub sandwich

The sub sandwich, also known as the hero sandwich, grinder, or hoagie, has become a beloved delicacy all over the world. Its origin, however, remains a matter of debate.

One popular theory suggests that the sub sandwich was created in the late 1800s by Italian immigrants living in New York City. They would take long, crusty rolls and fill them with meats, cheeses, and vegetables, creating a portable and delicious meal for workers on the go. The name “submarine sandwich” is said to have originated because the sandwich resembled the shape of a submarine in cross-section.

Another theory claims that the sub sandwich actually originated in Philadelphia, where it was called a hoagie. According to this theory, Italian-American workers at the Hog Island shipyards would bring sandwiches for lunch made with Italian meats and cheeses, and these sandwiches soon became known as “hoagies.”

  • Regardless of its origins, the sub sandwich quickly gained popularity across the United States. Today, there are countless variations of the sub sandwich, including hot and cold options, meat-filled or vegetarian, and different bread types.
  • Although it is difficult to pinpoint precisely where the sub sandwich came from, its many variations and enduring popularity are a testament to its status as one of the world’s favorite foods.

Origins of the hoagie sandwich

The hoagie sandwich, also known as a hoagy or sub, is a staple of American cuisine. It is a sandwich made with Italian bread that is filled with meats, cheese, vegetables, and seasonings. It is a beloved sandwich that has its roots in the city of Philadelphia.

  • The name “hoagie” comes from the Philadelphia area, where it was first created. The story goes that during the Great Depression, a group of Italian-American shipyard workers known as “hoagies” would bring large sandwiches to work for lunch. The sandwiches were made with long loaves of Italian bread, filled with various meats, cheese, and vegetables, and were big enough to feed a group of hungry workers.
  • Over time, the sandwich became known as a hoagie, and it became a popular food item in the Philadelphia area. The sandwich shops that specialized in making hoagies became known as hoagie shops and were a staple of the city’s culinary landscape.
  • The popularity of the hoagie sandwich spread throughout the country, and it became known by different names in different regions. In the Northeast, it is typically called a sub, short for submarine sandwich. In the Midwest, it is called a grinder, and in the South, it is called a po’ boy.

Today, the hoagie sandwich is a beloved food item that can be found in sandwich shops and delis across the country. It has become a part of American food culture and is enjoyed by people of all ages.

Next, we will take a closer look at the ingredients that make up a classic hoagie sandwich.

Ingredient Origin
Italian bread Italy
Salami Italy
Capicola Italy
Provolone cheese Italy
Lettuce Mediterranean
Tomato South America
Onion Europe and Asia
Vinegar USA
Oregano Mediterranean

The ingredients that make up a classic hoagie sandwich come from all over the world, but when they are combined in a hoagie roll, they create a uniquely American sandwich that has become a part of our culinary identity.

Components of a sub sandwich

Sub sandwiches, also known as subs, are sandwiches made with long rolls of bread that can be filled with various ingredients. They originated in the United States in the early 20th century and have become a popular food item across the country. There are different types of sub sandwiches, each with its own distinct ingredients; however, all sub sandwiches have some common components that make them delicious and unique.

  • Bread: The bread used for a sub sandwich is usually long and cylindrical. It is called a sub roll or a hoagie roll. The bread can be soft or crispy on the outside, but it should be able to hold the ingredients without breaking apart. Italian bread is commonly used for subs, but other types of bread such as French bread or sourdough bread can also be used.
  • Meat: The meat used in a sub sandwich can vary widely. It can be cooked or cured, and it can be sliced thick or thin. Some popular meats for subs include ham, turkey, salami, roast beef, and chicken.
  • Cheese: Cheese is an essential component of a sub sandwich. It can be sliced and layered on top of the meat or melted and added to the sandwich after it is assembled. Some popular cheeses for subs include provolone, Swiss, and cheddar.

In addition to the three main components listed above, sub sandwiches can also be filled with a variety of vegetables and condiments such as lettuce, tomato, onion, mayonnaise, mustard, and oil and vinegar dressing.

To get a better understanding of the various components that make up a sub sandwich, check out the following table:

Component Examples
Bread Sub roll, hoagie roll, French bread, Italian bread, sourdough bread
Meat Ham, turkey, salami, roast beef, chicken
Cheese Provolone, Swiss, cheddar
Vegetables Lettuce, tomato, onion, bell pepper, cucumber, olives
Condiments Mayonnaise, mustard, oil and vinegar dressing, salt, pepper

Now that you know the main components of a sub sandwich, you can select your favorite ingredients and create your own unique sub sandwich.

Components of a hoagie sandwich

When it comes to sandwiches, there are few that can compare to the iconic American sub, also known as a hoagie. This popular sandwich has been around for over a century and is still enjoyed by millions of people today. While some may argue that a sub and a hoagie are the same thing, there are actually some key differences that set them apart. In this article, we will explore the components of a hoagie sandwich and what makes it unique.

The Bread

  • Hoagie rolls are typically made from a softer, chewier bread than a traditional sub roll.
  • The rolls are typically wider than classic sub rolls and are sometimes toasted to give them a crispy exterior.
  • The bread is often brushed with oil and vinegar or another dressing to add flavor.

The Meat and Cheese

The meats and cheeses used in a hoagie sandwich are typically sliced thin and piled high. Some popular choices include:

  • Ham
  • Turkey
  • Roast beef
  • Salami
  • Prosciutto
  • Capicola
  • Pepperoni

For cheese, provolone is the standard choice, but some people prefer other options such as Swiss or American.

The Toppings

One of the best things about a hoagie sandwich is the variety of toppings that can be added. Some classic choices include:

  • Lettuce
  • Tomato
  • Onion
  • Pickles
  • Peppers
  • Olives
  • Jalapenos

The Dressing

A hoagie sandwich wouldn’t be complete without some type of dressing or sauce. Some popular choices include:

  • Mayonnaise
  • Mustard
  • Oil and vinegar
  • Italian dressing
  • Hot sauce

Every hoagie shop has their own special blend of seasonings and oils that make their dressing unique.

Hoagie Shop Dressing Location
South Philly Cheesesteaks Olive Oil Blend Philadelphia, PA
Nitty Gritty Secret Sauce Madison, WI
Mike’s Sandwich Shop Spicy Mustard Portland, ME

As you can see, the components of a hoagie sandwich can vary from shop to shop, but one thing is for sure – they are all delicious. Whether you call it a sub, hoagie, or hero, there’s no denying that this sandwich is a classic American favorite.

Regional variations of subs

One of the unique aspects of subs is that regional variations exist throughout the United States. Here are a few examples:

  • New England: In this region, subs are typically referred to as “grinders” and are filled with cold cuts, cheese, and vegetables. The bread used for grinders tends to be a bit firmer than other regions.
  • Philadelphia: Here, subs are known as “hoagies” and are typically made with Italian meats, provolone cheese, lettuce, tomato, and onion. The bread is usually crispy and chewy on the outside and soft on the inside.
  • New York City: The city that never sleeps is known for its classic deli sandwiches packed with corned beef, pastrami, or brisket. These meaty sandwiches are served on rye bread and topped with mustard or Russian dressing.

While these regions are known for specific variations, it is worth noting that subs can vary greatly from state to state or even from city to city within the same state.

However, despite regional variations, there are certain elements that remain consistent across the board. For instance, quality ingredients and fresh bread are staples of a good sub, regardless of where you are.

Here’s a comparison table of some common regional differences:

Region Typical bread used Common fillings Named after
New England Firmer bread Cold cuts, cheese, veggies Sanders Associates (now BAE Systems)
Philadelphia Crispy, chewy bread Italian meats, provolone cheese, lettuce, tomato, and onion Hoagie Haven
New York City Rye bread Corned beef, pastrami, or brisket with mustard or Russian dressing Katz’s Delicatessen

Ultimately, the beauty of subs is in their flexibility. Fillings, sauces, and types of bread are all open to interpretation, meaning the possibilities are endless when it comes to creating the perfect sub!

Regional Variations of Hoagies

When it comes to hoagies, regional variations are bound to exist due to the diverse cultural backgrounds and ingredients available in different areas. Here are some regional variations of hoagies:

  • Philly-style hoagie: This is considered the classic hoagie in Philadelphia, and it normally features Italian meats, cheese, lettuce, tomato, and onion with an oil and vinegar dressing in a long roll.
  • New Jersey-style hoagie: Similar to the Philly-style hoagie, but with an addition of sliced pepperoni thrown in for an extra kick.
  • Mid-Atlantic hoagie: These hoagies typically include a wider variety of meats like turkey, ham, and roast beef, along with cheeses like Swiss, cheddar, and provolone. Often, lettuce, tomato, onion, and peppers are added and dressed with mayo.

There are also some variations in hoagie-making technique, such as:

  • The Gutted Roll: This technique involves taking out some of the bread inside the roll, creating a hollow center to make room for additional fillings.
  • The Layering Technique: This involves carefully layering the ingredients in a specific order to ensure that every bite has optimal flavor.
  • The Pressed Hoagie: This technique involves putting the hoagie in a panini press or another cooking device that creates a crispy, pressed sandwich.

Below is a table outlining some popular ingredients used in different regional hoagies:

Region Meats Cheeses Vegetables Dressings/Sauces
Philadelphia Salami, pepperoni, ham, turkey, roast beef Provolone, American, Swiss, Mozzarella Lettuce, tomato, onion, pepper Oil and vinegar or mayo
New Jersey Salami, pepperoni, ham, turkey, roast beef Provolone Lettuce, tomato, onion, pepper Oil and vinegar or mayo
Mid-Atlantic Turkey, ham, roast beef Swiss, cheddar, provolone Lettuce, tomato, onion, pepper Mayo

Everyone seems to have their own variation of a hoagie, and the possibilities are endless!

Popular toppings for subs and hoagies

One of the best things about subs and hoagies is the endless combination of toppings that can be added to create a mouthwatering sandwich. Below are some popular toppings that are commonly used:

  • Lettuce: A staple in any sandwich, lettuce provides a nice crunch and adds some green to the mix.
  • Tomatoes: Another classic sandwich ingredient, tomatoes are juicy and a great source of vitamin C.
  • Onions: Whether they are raw or grilled, onions add a nice bite to a sandwich.
  • Peppers: Bell peppers, hot peppers, and roasted peppers are all great options to add some heat and flavor.
  • Cheese: From provolone to mozzarella to American, cheese is a must-have topping to add some creaminess and flavor to your sandwich.
  • Meats: Whether it’s turkey, ham, roast beef, or salami, adding some meat to your sub or hoagie is always a good idea.
  • Condiments: Mustard, mayonnaise, oil and vinegar, and hot sauce are just a few of the many condiments that can take a sandwich to the next level.

While the above toppings may be common, there are plenty of other options to choose from. Some specialty sub shops even offer unique toppings like pickled vegetables, artisanal spreads, and gourmet cheeses.

Sub/Hoagie Popular Toppings
Italian Sub/Hoagie Salami, ham, capicola, provolone, lettuce, tomato, onion, oil and vinegar
Meatball Sub Meatballs, marinara sauce, mozzarella cheese
Cheesesteak Thinly sliced steak, grilled onions, mushrooms, peppers, provolone or cheese whiz
Tuna Sub/Hoagie Tuna salad, lettuce, tomato, onion

As you can see, the possibilities for toppings on a sub or hoagie are endless. Whether you prefer something classic or want to try something new and unique, there are plenty of options to choose from when building your perfect sandwich.

FAQs: What is the Difference Between a Sub and a Hoagie?

Q: What is a sub?
A sub is a type of sandwich made with a long roll of bread, typically filled with cold cuts, cheese, vegetables, and other toppings. It is also known as a submarine sandwich.

Q: What is a hoagie?
A hoagie is also a type of sandwich made with a long roll of bread, but it is typically filled with Italian meats, cheeses, and vegetables. It is also known as a hero sandwich.

Q: What is the difference between a sub and a hoagie?
The main difference between a sub and a hoagie is the type of bread and fillings. A sub is typically made with a softer bread and filled with a variety of cold cuts, while a hoagie is made with a harder bread and filled with Italian meats and cheeses.

Q: Can a sub be called a hoagie?
While both terms are used interchangeably in some regions, it is more common to refer to the sandwich as a sub or a hero in certain areas of the United States, while others prefer the term hoagie.

Q: Does it matter which one I order?
It ultimately depends on personal preference and the region you are in. If you prefer a sandwich with softer bread and different types of cold cuts, a sub may be more your style. If you prefer a sandwich with Italian meats and a harder roll, then a hoagie will be a better choice for you.

Closing Thoughts on Subs and Hoagies

Thanks for reading and learning more about the difference between subs and hoagies. Whether you prefer one over the other, or enjoy both, it’s great to know the difference and experience the unique flavors that each type of sandwich offers. Check back with us for more information on food and dining options.