Is Solandra Poisonous? Learn about the Dangers of this Plant

Have you ever found yourself wondering if the Solandra plant in your backyard is poisonous? It’s a common concern among many homeowners, especially those with curious pets or small children. So, is Solandra poisonous? The answer is yes, it can be.

However, don’t let that scare you away from enjoying the beauty of this plant. The Solandra, also known as the cup of gold vine, is a stunning addition to any garden or backyard. It features large, trumpet-shaped flowers that are golden yellow in color and can bloom year-round in warm climates. But, as with any plant that contains toxins, it’s important to handle it with care.

If you’re unsure about whether your Solandra plant is poisonous, it’s best to do your research and take precautions. Keep it out of reach of pets and children, and wear gloves when handling it. By doing so, you can still enjoy its beauty while keeping yourself and your loved ones safe.

Symptoms of Solandra Poisoning

Solandra is a beautiful flowering plant known for its attractive leaves and trumpet-shaped yellow flowers. However, this plant is toxic and can cause serious health problems if ingested. The symptoms of Solandra poisoning can range from mild to severe, depending on the amount of toxic substance ingested. Some of the most common symptoms are:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal pain and cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness and lightheadedness
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Seizures
  • Coma

If you suspect that you or someone you know has ingested Solandra, seek immediate medical attention. The symptoms can appear within a few minutes or several hours after ingestion, depending on the individual’s tolerance to the toxic substance. It is essential to provide the healthcare provider with as much information as possible about the plant, including its name, the parts of the plant ingested, and the quantity. This information can help the healthcare provider determine the most appropriate treatment plan, which may include supportive care, monitoring, and management of symptoms.

Chemical Composition of Solandra

Solandra is a genus of plants that includes several species, all of which contain toxic compounds in various amounts. In fact, every part of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, stems, and fruits, contains toxic alkaloids.

  • The most abundant alkaloid found in Solandra plants is solanine, which is also present in other plants like potatoes and tomatoes. Solanine is a toxic compound that can cause gastrointestinal, neurological, and respiratory problems when ingested in large quantities.
  • Another toxic alkaloid found in Solandra plants is solasonine, which is structurally similar to solanine and can have similar toxic effects when ingested in large amounts.
  • Other alkaloids that have been identified in Solandra plants include solanocapsine, solanocarpine, and solanandrenol, which are also toxic and can cause various health problems when consumed.

The exact amounts of these alkaloids in Solandra plants can vary depending on the species, the plant part, and the growing conditions. Some species like Solandra maxima and Solandra grandiflora are known to contain higher levels of solanine and solasonine than others.

It is important to note that because of the toxic nature of Solandra plants, they should not be consumed or used for medicinal purposes without proper guidance and supervision from a trained professional.

Alkaloid Toxic Effects
Solanine Gastrointestinal, neurological, and respiratory problems
Solasonine Similar toxic effects to solanine
Solanocapsine Toxic and can cause health problems when consumed
Solanocarpine Toxic and can cause health problems when consumed
Solanandrenol Toxic and can cause health problems when consumed

In conclusion, Solandra plants contain various toxic alkaloids, including solanine, solasonine, solanocapsine, solanocarpine, and solanandrenol. These compounds can cause a range of health problems when ingested in large amounts, and should be avoided or used under the guidance of a trained professional.

Toxicity Levels of Solandra

Solandra species are members of the nightshade family and are often used as ornamental plants due to their showy blooms. However, it is important to note that Solandra can be toxic and harmful if ingested by humans and animals. Here, we will dive deeper into the toxicity levels of Solandra:

  • Mild toxicity: Ingesting small amounts of Solandra can result in mild reactions such as nausea or vomiting.
  • Moderate toxicity: Consuming moderate amounts of Solandra can lead to symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal pain.
  • Severe toxicity: Ingesting large amounts of Solandra can cause more severe reactions such as severe abdominal pain, seizures, and even coma.

It is also important to note that different parts of the Solandra plant can have varying levels of toxicity. For example, the leaves and seeds of the plant are the most toxic, while the flowers and stems are less harmful.

Here is a table outlining the toxicity levels of various parts of the Solandra plant:

Part of Plant Level of Toxicity
Leaves High
Seeds High
Stems Moderate
Flowers Low

Overall, it is important to exercise caution when handling or consuming Solandra plants, especially if you have pets or small children who may accidentally ingest the plant. If you suspect that you or someone you know has ingested Solandra, seek medical attention immediately.

Treatment for Solandra Poisoning

If you suspect solandra poisoning, seek medical attention immediately. The symptoms can be severe and potentially life-threatening. Your healthcare provider may perform a physical exam and order blood and urine tests to help diagnose the poisoning. Treatment options vary depending on the severity of the symptoms and the amount of toxin ingested.

  • Activated Charcoal: If you seek medical attention within a few hours of ingesting the plant, your healthcare provider may give you activated charcoal. This medication can absorb the toxin and help prevent it from being absorbed into your bloodstream.
  • Liquid Activated Carbon: This treatment is usually given if you’re unable to swallow. A tube is placed down your throat, and a liquid form of activated charcoal is poured into your stomach. The charcoal binds to the toxin, and it is removed from your body through your feces.
  • Symptom Management: Depending on your symptoms, your healthcare provider may prescribe medications to help manage them. For example, if you’re experiencing seizures, your provider may prescribe anticonvulsants. If you’re experiencing irregular heartbeats, your provider may prescribe medications to regulate your heart rhythm.

If you’re experiencing severe symptoms, such as seizures or difficulty breathing, you may need to be hospitalized. You may receive supportive care, such as oxygen therapy or intravenous fluids. In severe cases, you may require mechanical ventilation or a feeding tube.

It’s essential to seek treatment for solandra poisoning as soon as possible. If left untreated, the toxin can cause permanent damage to your central nervous system. In some cases, it can be fatal.

Symptom Treatment
Seizures Anticonvulsants
Irregular Heartbeat Medications to regulate heart rhythm
Low Blood Pressure Intravenous Fluids
Breathing Difficulty Oxygen Therapy or Mechanical Ventilation

If you suspect solandra poisoning, do not try to treat it on your own. Seek immediate medical attention.

Common Names for Solandra

Solandra, a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae, is known by several common names worldwide. The plants are native to the Americas and are cultivated as ornamental vines or shrubs due to their large and showy flowers. Here are some of the common names for Solandra:

  • Chalice vine
  • Cup of gold
  • Golden chalice vine
  • Gold cup
  • Hawaiian lily
  • Yellow chalice vine

As evident from the above list, Solandra is known for its golden flowers shaped like a cup. The plant is also called chalice vine due to its cup-like flowers.

Let’s take a closer look at the characteristics and uses of Solandra:


  • Solandra is a fast-growing evergreen vine or shrub that can reach up to 15 meters in length.
  • The plant has broad, glossy green leaves that can grow up to 30 centimeters long.
  • Solandra produces large, trumpet-shaped flowers that can be up to 20 centimeters long and wide.
  • The flowers are usually golden-yellow in color, but some species can have a creamy white or pale yellow hue.
  • The fruits of Solandra are small, round, and berry-like, and they contain numerous flat, black seeds.


  • Solandra is mainly grown as an ornamental plant due to its large and striking flowers.
  • The plant is also used in traditional medicine to treat various ailments like fever, skin conditions, and inflammation.

However, it is important to note that Solandra may contain toxic compounds that can cause skin irritation, nausea, vomiting, and other symptoms in some people. Therefore, it is best to avoid handling or ingesting the plant without proper knowledge or precautions.

Common Name Scientific Name Region
Chalice vine Solandra maxima Central and South America
Cup of gold Solandra grandiflora Mexico and Central America
Golden chalice vine Solandra guttata Mexico and Central America

Overall, Solandra is a beautiful plant that is admired for its large and showy flowers. However, it is crucial to handle it with care and caution due to its potentially toxic properties.

Solandra as a Medicinal Plant

While Solandra can be toxic and even deadly if not used properly, it has been used for medicinal purposes by indigenous cultures for centuries. The leaves, seeds, and flowers of the plant contain alkaloids that have been used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments and conditions.

  • Respiratory issues – The leaves and flowers of Solandra have been traditionally used to treat respiratory problems such as asthma and bronchitis. The alkaloids found in the plant can help to relax the bronchial tubes and reduce inflammation, making it easier to breathe.
  • Pain relief – Solandra has also been used as a natural pain reliever. The alkaloids in the plant are believed to have analgesic properties, helping to reduce pain and discomfort.
  • Anxiety and depression – The alkaloids found in Solandra have been shown to have a sedative effect on the nervous system, making it an effective treatment for anxiety, stress, and depression.

It’s important to note that these medicinal uses have not been extensively studied or scientifically proven. Therefore, it is always important to consult with a healthcare professional before using Solandra for medicinal purposes.

Additionally, it’s crucial to only use Solandra under the guidance of an experienced practitioner. Improper use of the plant can lead to serious health complications, including death.

Medicinal Use Parts of the Plant Used Method of Preparation
Respiratory issues Leaves and flowers Dried and made into a tea
Pain relief Seeds Dried, ground, and made into a paste or applied topically as a poultice
Anxiety and depression Leaves and flowers Dried and made into a tea or tincture

Overall, while Solandra can be toxic if not used properly, it has been used for centuries for medicinal purposes by indigenous cultures. However, it’s crucial to only use the plant under the guidance of an experienced practitioner to ensure safe and effective use.

Habitat and Cultivation of Solandra

Solandra, commonly known as cup-of-gold vine, is a large and vigorous climbing vine that belongs to the Solanaceae family, the same family as tomatoes, peppers, and potatoes. This native of Central and South America grows well in tropical and subtropical climates where frost and freezing temperatures are uncommon.

Solandra thrives in rich, moist soil with good drainage and partial to full sunlight. It can grow up to 50 feet long, so it needs sturdy support to climb on. Its large trumpet-shaped flowers are intensely fragrant and can bloom all year long in warm climates.

  • Propagation: Solandra can be propagated from seeds or cuttings taken from mature stems.
  • Watering: Young plants need regular watering, but established plants can tolerate some drought.
  • Fertilizing: Solandra needs a balanced fertilizer with micronutrients and should be fertilized every two weeks during the growing season.

Despite its beauty, solandra is poisonous and can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and even death if ingested. All parts of the plant contain toxic levels of the alkaloids solanine and solasonine, which affect the nervous system and can be lethal in high doses. Therefore, it is crucial to keep solandra away from children and pets.

Common Name Scientific Name Hardiness Zones
Cup-of-gold vine Solandra maxima 9-11

Overall, solandra is a stunning, but dangerous, plant that requires careful handling and should only be grown in suitable climates and under the supervision of an experienced gardener.

Is Solandra poisonous?

1. Is all parts of Solandra poisonous?

Yes, all parts of Solandra, including leaves, flowers, seeds, and stems are highly poisonous for humans and animals.

2. What makes Solandra toxic?

Solandra contains toxic chemicals such as atropine, scopolamine, and hyoscyamine, which can cause hallucination, respiratory problems, coma, and even death.

3. Can Solandra cause skin irritation?

Yes, touching Solandra leaves and flowers can cause skin irritation, blisters, and rashes.

4. How to prevent Solandra poisoning?

The best way to prevent Solandra poisoning is to remove the plant from your garden or surroundings. Avoid touching the plant and keep it away from children and pets.

5. What are the symptoms of Solandra poisoning?

Symptoms of Solandra poisoning can vary but may include confusion, dilated pupils, dry mouth, breathing difficulty, irregular heartbeat, and seizures.

6. Can Solandra be used for medicinal purposes?

Although Solandra contains medicinal properties, it can be extremely dangerous to consume and should never be used for self-medication. Please consult with your doctor before taking any medication.

7. What should I do if I suspect Solandra poisoning?

If you or someone you know has ingested Solandra or suspects poisoning, seek medical attention immediately. Do not induce vomiting or give any medication without consulting a medical professional.

Closing: Stay Safe, Avoid Solandra!

Thank you for taking the time to learn about the dangers of Solandra poisoning. Remember, this plant is highly toxic and should be handled with extreme caution. Avoid planting it in your garden or surroundings and keep it away from kids and pets. If you suspect poisoning, seek medical attention right away. Stay safe and visit us again for more informative articles.