is smooth muscle voluntary or striated

Differences between smooth and striated muscles

There are two types of muscles in our body: smooth muscles and striated muscles. Both types play an essential role in our body, but their structure and function differ in many ways.

  • Structure: Smooth muscles are non-striated, while striated muscles have a striped appearance. Smooth muscles are found in organs, blood vessels, and glands, while striated muscles are attached to the bones and are responsible for movement.
  • Voluntary/Involuntary: Smooth muscles are involuntary, meaning we cannot control them consciously. Striated muscles, on the other hand, are voluntary, meaning we can control them consciously.
  • Contraction: Smooth muscles contract slowly and rhythmically, while striated muscles contract rapidly and forcefully.
  • Nerves: Smooth muscles are innervated by the autonomic nervous system, while striated muscles are innervated by the somatic nervous system.
  • Energy: Smooth muscles require less energy to function compared to striated muscles, as they do not require as much oxygen as striated muscles do.
  • Fatigue: Smooth muscles do not fatigue easily, while striated muscles require more time to recover after intense contraction.

Understanding these differences is crucial for medical professionals and individuals who want to maintain their physical health. Smooth and striated muscles work together to keep our body functional and healthy.